AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Online First / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.0885
Cite this article
37
Download
480
Views
Journal Browser
Volume | Year
Issue
Search
News and Announcements
View All
ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Research on governance structure and benefit balance concerning urban regeneration in Beijing, China: Analysis of the best practical cases

Xiaoyong Yin1 Yan Tang1*
Show Less
1 Department of Urban Planning, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2024, 6(1), 0885 https://doi.org/10.36922/jcau.0885
Submitted: 30 April 2023 | Accepted: 27 July 2023 | Published: 20 February 2024
© 2024 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

While proposing the national strategy of implementing urban regeneration, the Chinese government put forward requirements such as preventing large-scale demolition and construction and protecting historical architecture, indicating that the previous urban regeneration methods of demolishing low-rise and old buildings and building high-rise and new ones are no longer applicable. As the capital city, Beijing is facing more stringent constraints on reduction-oriented development and historical protection, and the problems of insufficient motivation and unclear paths for market players to participate in urban regeneration have become more prominent. Based on a systematic review of the main theories and practices of market participation in urban regeneration, this study builds a market-oriented mechanism analysis framework for urban regeneration of “governance structure-benefit balance.” In this study, we compared 34 cases that won the title of “The First Beijing Urban Regeneration Best Practice in 2022” and conducted further in-depth analysis of three typical cases by semi-structured interviews, field research, qualitative analysis, and quantitative comparison. From the study, we identified three typical governance structures of welfare protection, economic growth, and comprehensive development during the emergence of market participation in Beijing’s urban regeneration process and found that different governance structures have different cooperation and interaction mechanisms, value promotion orientations, and benefits distribution, which are respectively applicable to facilities and public space regeneration projects that implement social public welfare responsibilities, industrial regeneration projects with ample economic value-added space, and regional comprehensive regeneration projects where quasi-public goods and private goods coexist. We believe that the coexistence of multiple governance structures is an inevitable choice for China’s market mechanism of urban regeneration. The value-added space of urban regeneration projects should be further improved, the distribution of interests among multiple subjects should be balanced, and the sustainable and normalization of urban regeneration actions should be promoted.

Keywords
Urban regeneration
Market mechanism
Governance structure
Benefit balance
Beijing
China
Funding
This research is funded by China’s National Key Research and Development Program (No. 2022YFC3800301) and China’s National Natural Science Foundation (No. 51978363).
References

Adair, A., & Berry, J. (1999). Evaluation of investor behaviour in urban regeneration, Urban Studies, 36(12):2031-2045.

 

Bian, L. (2016), Tongyi yu duoyuan-Beijing chengshigengxin zhongde gonggong kongjian yanjin [Unity and diversity: Public space evolution of Beijing urban regeneration]. Shijie Jianzhu, 310(4):14-17. [Article in Chinese] https://doi.org/10.16414/j.wa.2016.04.002

 

Bromley, R. D. F., Tallon, A. R., Thomas, C. J. (2005). City centre regeneration through residential development: Contributing to sustainability. Urban Studies, 42(13):2407-2429.

 

Brower, M. (1971). The emergence of community development corporations in urban neighborhoods. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 41(4):646-658.

 

Castells, M. (2002). The Castells Reader on Cities and Social Theory. Wiley: Blackwell.

 

Chris, C., & Annekatrin, D. (2000). Urban regeneration and sustainable development in Britain: The example of the liverpool ropewalks partnership. Cities, 17(2):137-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-2751(00)00008-1

 

Chris, C., Charles, F., & Susan, P. (2003). Urban regeneration in Europe. United States: Blackwell Science Ltd.

 

Clark, J. (2001), Six urban regime types: The effects of state laws and citizen participation on the development of alternative regimes. Public Administration Quarterly, 25(1):25.

 

Davidoff, P. (1973). Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning. A Reader in Planning Theory, Vol. 4. Netherlands: Elsevier, p. 277-296.

 

Deng, H., Marta, M., Li, Z., & Michele, B. (2020). Beijing 2022 between urban renovation and olympic sporting legacy: The case of Shougang: From space for event to space for health and leisure. Movement and Sport Sciences-Science and Motricité, 107:53-65.

 

Fan, Z., Xiuyan, L., & Songlin, L. (2023). Rebuilding or refurbishing: Heterogeneity effects of urban renewal strategy. Asian Economic Journal, 37(1):51-81.

 

Fang, K. (1998). Xifang chengshi gengxin de fazhan lichen jiqi qishi. [The development process and enlightenment of urban renewal in the west]. City Planning Review, 1:59-61, 51-66.

 

Ge, T., & Li, Q. (2022). Cong zengzhang lianmeng dao gongping zhili: chengshi kongjian zhili zhuanxing de guojia shijiao. [From growth coalition to equity goverance: A political logic of spatial Goverance in Urban China]. Urban Planning Forum, 267(1):81-88. [Article in Chinese]

 

Hackworth, J., & Smith, N. (2001). The changing state of gentrification. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 92(4):464-477.

 

Harvey, D. (2001). Spaces of Capital: Towards a Critical Geography. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

 

Harvey, M., Wu, J., & Guo, X. (2018). Chengshi zuowei zengzhang jiqi: Zouxiang difang zhengzhi jingjixue. [The city as a growth machine: Toward a political economy of place]. China Ancient City, 5:4-13. [Article in Chinese]

 

He, S., & Wu, F. (2005). Property-led redevelopment in post-reform China: A case study of Xintiandi redevelopment project in Shanghai. Journal of Urban Affairs, 27(1):1-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0735-2166.2005.00222.x

 

Hyun, B. S. (2009). Residential redevelopment and the entrepreneurial local state: The implications of Beijing’s Shifting emphasis on urban redevelopment policies. Urban Studies, 46(13):2815-2839.

https://doi.org/10.1177/004209800934554

 

Jiang, X., Anthony, Y., & Wu, F. (2009). Land commodification: New land development and politics in China since the late 1990s. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33(4):890-913. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2009.00892.x

 

Lee, B. A., Spain, D., & Umberson, D. J. (1985). Neighborhood revitalization and racial change: The case of Washington, D.C. Demography, 22(4):581-602.

 

Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.

 

Liu, X. (2012). Beijing chengshigengxin de sixiang fazhan yu shijian tezheng [Beijing Urban Renewal: The theory evoluement and practice characteristics]. Chengshi Fazhan Yanjiu, 19(10):129-132+136. [Article in Chinese]

 

Liu, Z., & Lin, Z. (2018). Jiyu wenxian jiliang de guoqi gaige sishinian yanjiu redian bianqian ji jieduan huafen [Changes and stage division of research hotspots in the 40 years of state-owned enterprise reform based on bibliometrics]. Xuexi yu Tansuo. 281(12):133-140. [Article in Chinese]

 

Marcello, E. M. (2021). When cities borrow state power: New york state’s empire state development corporation in New York City. Urban Affairs Review, 59:506-533. https://doi.org/10.1177/10780874211067141

 

Michiel, K., & Erik, H. K. (2011). Public-private partnerships in urban regeneration projects: Organizational form or managerial capacity? Public Administration Review, 71(4):618-626. https://doi.org/10.2307/23017471

 

Molotch, H. (1976). The city as a growth machine: Toward a political economy of place. American Journal of Sociology, 82(2), 309-332.

 

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/3146384

 

Peter, R., & Hugh, S. (2008). Urban Regeneration: A Handbook. United States: SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446219980

 

Rob, A. (1999). Discourses of partnership and empowerment in contemporary British Urban regeneration. Urban Studies, 36(1), 59-72.

 

Roberts, P., & Sykes, H. (2000). Urban Regeneration: A Handbook. London: SAGE Publications.

 

Shen, T., Yao, X., & Wen, F. (2021). The urban regeneration engine model: An analytical framework and case study of the renewal of old communities. Land Use Policy, 108:105571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105571

 

Silvers, A. H. (1969). Urban renewal and black power. American Behavioral Scientist, 12(4):43-46.

 

Sorina, V., Creţan, R., Ana-Neli, I., & Alina, S. (2009). The Romanian Post-Socialist City: urban Renewal and Gentrification. London: EUVT.

 

Stone, C. N. (1989). Regime Politics: Governing Atlanta, 1946- 1988. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.

 

Stone, C. N. (1993). Urban regimes and the capacity to Govern: A political economy approach. Journal of Urban Affairs, 1(15):1-28.

 

Stone, C. N. (1996). Urban political machines: Taking stock. Political Science and Politics, 29(3):446-450. https://doi.org/10.2307/420821

 

Stone, C. N. (2005). Looking back to look forward: Reflections on urban regime analysis. Urban Affairs Review, 40(3):309-341. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078087404270646

 

Tallon, A. (2013). Urban Regeneration in the UK. 2nd Version. London: Routledge.

 

Tang, Y., & Yin, X., & Liu, S. (2022). Woguo chengshigengxin zhidu gongji yu dongli zaizao [The institutional supply and motivation mechanism of urban regeneration in China]. Journal of Urban and Regional Planning, 14(1):1-19. [Article in Chinese]

 

Tang, Y., & Zhang, L. (2021). Beijing jiequ gengxin de zhidu tansuo yu zhengce youhua [Institutional exploration and policy optimization of block regeneration in Beijing]. Shidai Jianzhu, 180(4):28-35. [Article in Chinese] https://doi.org/10.13717/j.cnki.ta.2021.04.021

 

Tian, L. (2008). The Chengzhongcun land market in China: Boon or bane?-a perspective on property rights. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(2):282-304.

 

Tian, L. (2018). Yaobai zhijian: Sanjiu gaizao zhong geti, jiti yu gongzhong liyi pingheng. [Exploring the path of balancing individual benefits, collective benefits, and public interests in the three olds renewal]. City Planning Review, 42(2):78- 84. [Article in Chinese]

 

Vesalon, L., & Cretan, R. (2019). “Little Vienna” or “European avant-garde city”? Branding narratives in a Romanian city. Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis, 11(1):19-34.

 

Wang, C., & Chen, S. (2021). Beijing chengsihgengxin shijian licheng huigu [Review of Beijing urban regeneration practice course]. Beijing Guihua Jianshe, 201(6):26-32. [Article in Chinese]

 

Wang, F., Yang, J., Wang, S., Li, J., Zhang, S., & Pan, F. (2022). Ruhe lijie tuijin chengshi gengxin xingdong [How to understand promoting the urban renewal action]. City Planning Review, 46(2):20-24. [Article in Chinese]

 

Williamson, O. E. (1975). Markets and hierarchies: Analysis and antitrust implications, New york-London. Journal of Law and Economics, 22:233-261.

 

Xu, X., & Noriko, A. (2021). Demolition/reconstruction, and comprehensive renovation? Reflections on the renewal of urban villages in North China-a case study of a Beijing urban village. International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, 9(2):62-75. https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.9.2_62

 

Yang, J. (2012). Xiou Chengshi Gengxin [Urban Renewal in West Europe]. Nanjing: Nanjing University Press. [Book in Chinese]

 

Yang, J., & Chen, Y. (2020). 1949-2019nian zhongguo chengshi gengxin de fazhan yu huigu. [Review on the development of urban regeneration in China from 1949 to 2019]. City Planning Review, 2:9-19, 31. [Article in Chinese]

 

You, H., Wang, C., Chen, S., & Zhao, Z. (2022). Beijing chengshi gengixin xingdong de zhidu tiaozhan yu youhua celue. [Institutional challenge and optimization strategy of urban regeneration in Beijing]. Planners, 38(9):22-30. [Article in Chinese]

 

Yue, Z. (2008). Steering towards growth: Symbolic urban preservation in Beijing, 1990-2005. The Town Planning Review, 79(2/3):187-208.

 

Zhang, J., Zhao, D., & Chen, H. (2013). Zengzhang zhuyi de zhongjie yu zhongguo chengsih guihua de zhuanxing. [Termination of growth Supremacism and transformation of China’s urban planning]. City Planning Review, 37(1):45- 50, 55. [Article in Chinese]

 

Zhang, L., Chen, J., & Rachel, M.T. (2016). Shifts in governance modes in urban redevelopment: A case study of Beijing’s Jiuxianqiao area. Cities, 53:61-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2016.01.001

 

Zhang, Y., & Fang, K. (2002). Politics of housing redevelopment in China: The rise and fall of the Ju’er Hutong project in inner-city Beijing. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 18(1):75-87.

 

Zhao, Y., & Song, T. (2021). Chengshigengxin de caiwu pingheng fenxi-moshi yu shijian [An analysis on the financial balance of urban renewal: Patterns and practice]. City Planning Review, 45(9):53-61. [Article in Chinese]

 

Zheng, H. W., Shen, G. Q., & Wang, H. (2014). A review of recent studies on sustainable urban renewal. Habitat International, 41:272-279.

 

Zhou, D., Xu, S., Sun, C., & Deng, Y. (2021). Dynamic and drivers of spatial change in rapid urban renewal within Beijing inner city. Habitat International, 111:102349.

 

Zhu, J. (1999). Local growth coalition: The context and implications of China’s gradualist urban land reforms. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23(3):534-548.

Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Share
Back to top
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing