AccScience Publishing / JCAU / Volume 3 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.36922/jcau.v3i1.1034

Transformation and Reconstruction of Rural Area through Tourism Urbanization: A Case Study of Simatai Village, Beijing

Linlin Dai1 Jiaming Fu1 Xiao Rong2* Dong Li1 Ling Yang1
Show Less
1 College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
2 Department of Architecture, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism 2021, 3(1), 1034
© Invalid date by the Authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( )

Tourism urbanization has become an important means of urbanization in China. Taking the example of Simatai Village, Beijing, this study used empirical research and morphological typological analysis methods to explore the urbanization process driven by tourism based on the dimensions of physical space, functional space, and social space. It has been identified that: (i) the physical space has been completely reconstructed, and this is reflected in the overall layout, texture, and architectural form; (ii) the functional space has been transformed from a single function to a composite function, and this is reflected in the land use and the function of houses; and (iii) the social space has been transformed as the population is urbanized, and this is reflected in the aspects of population composition, lifestyle and communication mode, and collective organization. Overall, tourism development is an effective way to realize urbanization in rural areas that are on the fringe of cities and have good resources. However, in practice, we must be cautious about the introduction of large-scale external capital and pay particular attention to the marginalized disadvantaged groups and the historical and cultural value of the village.

Tourism urbanization
Spatial transformation
Spatial reconstruction
Rural vitalization
National Natural Science Foundation of China

Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) United Nations. World urbanization prospects 2018. United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs, 2018.


Zhang X, Huang K. Basic connotation, main indicators, and policies framework of the Human-oriented Urbanization [J]. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2014, 24(11): 280-283.


National Bureau of Statistics of China (NBSC). China statistical yearbook of 2019. China Statistical Publishing House, 2020, Beijing.


Chen M, Liu W, Lu D. Challenges and the way forward in China’s new-type urbanization [J]. Land Use Policy, 2016, 55: 334-339.


National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). National new type urbanization plan (2014-2020), 2014, viewed March 16, 2014,


Lu L, Ge JB. Reflection on the research progress of tourism urbanization [J]. Geographical Research, 2006, 25(4): 741-750.


Peng L, Liu S, Sun L. Spatial-temporal changes of rurality driven by urbanization and industrialization: A case study of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area in Chongqing, China [J]. Habitat International, 2016, 51: 124-132.


Wang XG. Xi JC, Kong QQ. Solid and hollowed villages: Study on the spatial polarization of tourist villages’ land use pattern: A case study of two villages in Yesanpo Tourism Area, Hebei Province [J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 2016, 31(1): 90-101.


Mullins P, Natalier K, Smith P, et al. Cities and consumption spaces [J]. Urban Affairs Review, 1999, 35(1): 44-71.


Nitivattananon V, Srinonil S. Enhancing coastal areas governance for sustainable tourism in the context of urbanization and climate change in eastern Thailand [J]. Advances in Climate Change Research, 2019, 10(1): 47-58.


Huang ZF, Lu L, Su Q, et al. Research and development of rural tourism under the background of new urbanization: Theoretical reflection and breakthrough of predicament [J]. Geographical Research, 2015, 34(8): 1409-1421.


Mullins P. Tourism urbanization [J]. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 1991, 15(3): 326-342.


Palang H, Helmfrid S, Antrop M, et al. Rural landscapes: Past processes and future strategies [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2005, 70(1–2): 3-8.


Ghaderi Z, Henderson JC. Sustainable rural tourism in Iran: A perspective from Hawraman Village [J]. Tourism Management Perspectives, 2012, 2: 47-54.


Qian JX, Feng D, Zhu H. Tourism-driven urbanization in China’s small town development: A case study of Zhapo Town, 1986–2003 [J]. Habitat International, 2012, 36(1): 152-160.


Chen Y, Tan YG, Bao YY, et al. The impact of urbanization on tourism and retroaction mechanism [J]. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), 2013, 50(6): 613-618.


Brenner L, Aguilar A G. Luxury tourism and regional economic development in Mexico [J]. The Professional Geographer, 2002, 54(4): 500-520.


Luchiari MTDP, Serrano C. Tourism and environment in Brazil [J]. Livros, 2015: 255-276.


Peng H, He RY, Weng SX. Collaborative governance model of tourism urbanization in rural areas: A case study of Shuiji village in Taining county, Fujian [J]. Geographical Research, 2018, 37(12): 2383-2398.


Lu S, Zhou XF, Zhang XJ, et al. Tourism-driven urbanization in ancient rural area: A case study of the Hongcun Village [J]. Tropical Geography, 2017, 37(03),293-303.


Xi JC, Wang SK, Zhang RY. Restructuring and optimizing production-living-ecology space in rural settlements: A case study of Gougezhuang Village at Yesanpo Tourism Attraction in Hebei Province [J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 2016, 31(3): 425-435.


Sui FM. Simatai village annals. 2013, China Publishing House, Beijing.


Moudon AV. Urban morphology as an emerging interdisciplinary field [J]. Urban morphology, 1997, 1(1): 3-10.


Conzen MRG. Morphogenesis, morphological regions, and secular human agency in the historic townscape, as exemplified by Ludlow. In Thinking about urban form: Papers on urban morphology. 2004, Peter Lang, 1932-1998.


Conzen MRG. Alnwick, Northumberland: A study in town-plan analysis [J]. Transactions and Papers (Institute of British Geographers), 1960 (27): iii-122.


Chen JT, Yao S, Tian YS. The theory and localization about typo-morphological approach [J]. Urban Planning International, 2017, 32(02): 57-64.


Dame J, Schmidt S, Müller J, et al. Urbanisation and socio-ecological challenges in high mountain towns: Insights from Leh (Ladakh), India [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2019, 189: 189-199.


Xi JC, Wang XG, Kong QQ, et al. Micro-scale social spatial reconstruction of the tourist village in the past 25 years: A case study of Gouge village in Yesanpo, Hebei province [J]. Geographical Research, 2014, 33(10): 1928-1941.


Li BH, Xin Z, Liu PL, et al. Function transformation and spatial reconstructuring of Zhangguying Village in Urbanization [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2018, 38(08): 1310-1318.


Shi S. Analysis on the behavior of grass-roots government in developing community tourism – A case study of tourism demolition and land expropriation in M Village in Beijing Suburb [J]. Commercial Research, 2013, 55(4): 151-157.


Weng SX, Peng H. The impact of power relationship on community participation in tourism development – A case from Furong Village at Nanxi River Basin, Zhejiang Province [J]. Tourism Tribune, 2010, 25(09): 51-57.


Wang H. Tourism-driven new rural urbanization: A case study of Yaotang Village and Duanshi Village in the Danxia Mountain in 1980–2014 [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2016, 36(6): 863-870.

Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest was reported by all authors.
Back to top
Journal of Chinese Architecture and Urbanism, Electronic ISSN: 2717-5626 Published by AccScience Publishing