AccScience Publishing / IJPS / Volume 9 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.36922/ijps.476
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Explaining the gender gap in reproductive transition of Ethiopian youths: A decomposition analysis

Tariku Dejene1* Eshetu Gurmu1
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1 Center for Population Studies, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
IJPS 2023, 9(2), 1–11; https://doi.org/10.36922/ijps.476
Submitted: 3 March 2023 | Accepted: 6 April 2023 | Published: 17 April 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution -Noncommercial 4.0 International License (CC-by the license) ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ )
Abstract

The achievement of gender equality and ending all forms of disparity in the spheres of sexual and reproductive health are critical components of sustainable development goals. We endeavor to investigate the characteristics and/or structural sources of the gender gap in the reproductive transition among Ethiopian youths. The analysis was carried out using parts of data drawn from the 2011 and 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. The decomposition of the gender gap in the reproductive transition of youths into components was made using the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis for non-linear models. The results demonstrate that the delay in the age at first marriage among the youth was accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of premarital sex. Furthermore, the findings show that the gender gap in reproductive transition is triggered by both compositional and structural effects of covariates such as education, modern contraceptive use, and media exposure. Thus, in addition to reducing inequalities in education, media exposure, and deprivation between male and female youths, working on the structural components is recommended to close the gender gap in the reproductive transition of youths.

Keywords
Youths
Reproductive transition
Gender gap
Decomposition analysis
Ethiopia
Funding
None.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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International Journal of Population Studies, Electronic ISSN: 2424-8606 Print ISSN: 2424-8150, Published by AccScience Publishing