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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

Metastatic malignant Melanoma of the Maxillary Gingiva: A Case Report

B. Abdulhakeem1* H. Boudhar1* W. Bijou1 Y. Oukessou1 R.A. Abada1 S. Rouadi1 M. Roubal1 M. Mahtar1
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1 ENT Head and Neck Surgery Department, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco
CP 2023, 5(4), 2594
Submitted: 17 September 2023 | Accepted: 22 November 2023 | Published: 8 December 2023
© 2023 by the Author(s). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ )
Abstract

Background: Mucosal malignant melanoma is a rare but aggressive tumor of the oral cavity that accounts for only 0.2-8% of all melanomas. it can take different forms. a biopsy with histopathologic examination is recommended to confirm the diagnosis.  Because of its less favorable prognosis an early diagnosis is preferred. Methods: a 54 years old patient presented with submandibular swelling. an examination of the oral cavity revealed a melanotic lesion on the maxillary mucosa. Results: The examination found a sessile black-brown nodular lesion located on the maxillary gingiva measuring 2cm. anatomopathological analysis concluded to a primary malignant melanoma of the gingiva positive to HMB45 and S1000. No other lesions were found on the complete body CT scan. Conclusion: Malignant melanoma has a poor prognosis, because of its aggressivity, and difficulty of the treatment. Earlier recognition of this condition makes the diagnosis easier.

Keywords
Malignant melanoma
Diagnosis
Gingiva
Funding
The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare they have no competing interests.
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Cancer Plus, Electronic ISSN: 2661-3840 Print ISSN: 2661-3832, Published by AccScience Publishing